It’s vital for patients to be regularly screened for gum disease and for treatment to be delivered promptly. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to discomfort, pain, infection and even tooth loss.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease describes swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues supporting the teeth. There are two main forms of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontal disease.
What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums, with the gums around the teeth becoming very red and swollen. Often the swollen gums will bleed when brushed.
What is periodontal disease?
Long-standing gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease. Although there are a number of types of periodontal disease, they all affect the tissues supporting the teeth. As the disease progresses, the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw is lost, making the teeth loose. If this is not treated, the teeth may eventually fall out.